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In the last few days, thousands of people have been driven from their homes due to increased violence in Mosul, Iraq. About 4,000 people a day are escaping the war-ravaged city, telling of violence, hunger and deprivation. It has become a dire humanitarian situation and the UN Refugee Agency is on the ground providing emergency assistance for newly arriving families.
As his family’s food ran out and artillery fire approached their home, Kifah knew he had to leave. “There were so many mortars falling. We had no rice, no bread, no milk. There was nothing for the children,” he said.
The 35-year-old, his wife and children are among thousands of residents of the west side of Iraq’s second largest city, fleeing as a government military offensive to retake the area advances.
Displacement from western Mosul has reached around 30,000 in less than a week. In less than 24 hours, the empty Hammam Al-Alil camp began to quickly fill up, becoming a temporary home to thousands of Iraqis desperate to flee the fighting.
Throughout the day, buses and trucks brought exhausted families to the site, about 25 kilometres south of Mosul, where they waited patiently, receiving water and hot meals before being allocated tents.
To help meet their needs the UN Refugee Agency is setting up large tented halls which will serve as a temporary reception centre to shelter newly arrived families at the site awaiting screening.
“There were so many mortars falling. We had no rice, no bread, no milk. There was nothing for the children.” — Kifah, 35
With its partners, work has also begun to set up a new camp less than a kilometre away, which could house as many as 30,000 displaced Iraqis. Emergency items including mattresses, blankets, hygiene and cooking sets, heaters and more are being distributed to new arrivals.
About 192,000 Iraqis have been displaced from the city and its surrounding areas since October 17 when the military operations began. It is estimated that up to 250,000 people could be displaced from western Mosul out of the 750,000 believed to be still residing there.
The relief of those arriving at the government-built Hammam Al-Alil camp is palpable.
“I threw off my hijab as soon as we arrived to the place where the Iraqi Security Forces were staying,” said Kifah’s wife Shayma. “I’m so happy now. We’ve eaten, slept calmly. I’ve had no bad dreams, only good dreams.”
Even so, her husband is wary of returning to their home in the Mamoun district of west Mosul any time soon, citing concerns about active sleeper cell groups there.
For new arrival Saddam, 33, the camp brought a welcome return to normalcy after the intense battle for his neighbourhood. “There were snipers and mortar bombs,” said Saddam who also fled Mamoun with his wife and young children.
“Night times were very difficult. The battle was very fierce. We left everything behind to get freedom,” he said. “Mosul was like a prison for criminals. Now, life is getting back to normal”.
His family spent the night at the camp. But with sponsorship from relatives, were waiting to leave for the bustling, but war-damaged village in Hammam al-Alil close by, which had been taken by government forces last November. “I want to find a job, to be able to work. And I want my children to go to school,” added Saddam.
“We were scared when we left, but so happy to be here.” — Zeman, 17
After more than two years of strict rules imposed by armed groups, and recent months of shortages of food and other basic items which left many eating just one meal a day – often just bread, potatoes or tomato soup – families are looking forward to new freedoms and possibilities.
“We were scared when we left, but so happy to be here,” said Zeman, 17, who had just arrived an hour earlier by bus with her sister Noor, 32, a mother of four.
The family fled west Mosul’s Wadi Hajar district, managing to escape as armed groups tried to force them to leave their homes for another location as fresh fighting broke out. “I’m happy we’ve left our old lives behind.”
Original reporting by Caroline Gluck, UNHCR — March 3, 2017.