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8.6 million

More than 8.6 million people have been forced to flee their homes in search of safety (as of April 2024).

6.5 million

More than 6.5 million people have been internally displaced by the conflict in Sudan (as of April 2024)

1 million

Refugees lived in Sudan prior to the current conflict — the second-highest refugee population in Africa

About the Crisis in Sudan

Sudan has been grappling with conflict and displacement since the start of the Darfur crisis in 2003. One year since the most recent conflict in Sudan began, more than 8.6 million Sudanese people have been displaced within the country or are living in neighboring countries such as Chad, South Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia. Prior to the current conflict, Sudan was also hosting 1 million refugees from neighboring countries including South Sudan and Northern Ethiopia, with many fleeing conflict in Tigray.

The most recent conflict occurred on April 15th, 2023, with violent clashes erupting between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) in multiple cities across Sudan. More than 6.5 million people have been displaced within Sudan’s borders and many more are seeking safety in neighboring countries - notably to Chad, Egypt, South Sudan, the Central African Republic and Ethiopia. 

The fighting has created a humanitarian emergency both inside Sudan and in neighboring countries. All the neighboring countries impacted by this new emergency were already hosting large numbers of refugees and internally displaced people on insufficient and dwindling levels of humanitarian funding.

In addition to the conflict, Sudan’s extreme weather linked to climate change, including floods and droughts, has affected hundreds of thousands of people across the country, destroying crops and livestock and making it increasingly difficult for families to put food on the table.



What's Happening in Sudan | Sudan Crisis Explained

How to Help

The UNHCR needs help providing humanitarian aid to those from Sudan. Your caring gift can replace their feelings of fear and suffering with something far more powerful: hope for a safer future.

More Facts About the Conflict in Sudan

Learn More

  • In the first four weeks of the crisis, around 200,000 refugees and returnees fled the country while another 700,000 people were displaced inside Sudan. 
  • Chad is the largest host country for new arrivals from Sudan, surpassing Egypt and fast approaching the planning figure of 300,000 new arrivals by the end of 2023.
  • Most of those arriving in South Sudan are returning nationals who had been living in Sudan as refugees.

Other Emergencies