Once a person becomes a refugee, they are likely to remain a refugee for many years. Many will be displaced for nearly two decades. It is a life in limbo.
Refugee camps are temporary facilities built to provide immediate protection and assistance to people who have been forced to flee due to conflict, violence or persecution. While camps are not intended to provide permanent sustainable solutions, they offer a safe haven for refugees where they receive medical treatment, food, shelter, and other basic services during emergencies.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, mobilizes an emergency operation response team to assess the situation within the first 72 hours of a refugee crisis. The team deployed is introduced to government authorities and local partners to form a rapid assessment of the situation and the overall wellbeing of the fleeing population. At this point, one of UNHCR’s key roles is to start the complex process of negotiating with local authorities the location of a humanitarian space that guarantees the security of the people that have fled. This space is often a camp.
A safe humanitarian space includes:
A well-designed camp should protect the environment and help prevent fires and outbreak of disease. Food, water points and latrines should be properly lit and close enough to homes to protect women and girls against the threat of sex and gender-based violence (SGBV).
The duration of a refugee’s stay in a camp varies from crisis to crisis. Depending on the situation, some refugees will stay in camps for months while others may stay for years.
In protracted refugee situations, or situations lasting more than five consecutive years, refugees can spend nearly two decades in a camp and it is common for children to be born and grow up in camps. In these situations, UNHCR helps evolve refugee camps to meet the needs of the population. This includes reinforcing shelters and local infrastructure, improving the quality of basic services, - such as water, health and education facilities - delivering skills training programs, boosting livelihood opportunities and promoting integration with local communities.
No. In fact, approximately 60 percent of the refugee population live in cities instead of refugee camps, a proportion that has been stable since 2014. Turkey currently hosts the largest urban refugee population, with the vast majority living in urban or peri-urban areas.
There are refugee camps all over the world. Many of these camps were built quickly to serve the immediate needs of those forced to flee, but have grown to host hundreds of thousands of displaced people.
These are some of the largest refugee camps in the world:
Other camps: Hagadera (Kenya), Dagahaley (Kenya), Ifo (Kenya), Yida (South Sudan), Katumba (Tanzania), Pugnido (Ethiopia), Panian (Pakistan), Mishamo (Tanzania).
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