have been forced to flee since 2014. The conflict has threatened millions of lives. Approximately 250,000 people have sought refuge in neighboring countries.
More than 6.5 million Iraqis -approximately 18% of the population-, including 3 million women and girls, are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection.
Approximately 360,000 Iraqis are displaced in informal settlements, including unfinished and abandoned buildings. They require additional aid to survive the winter.
Decades of conflict and widespread violence have resulted in more than 3.3 million Iraqis displaced across the country since 2014. It is estimated that approximately 6.7 million - approximately 18 percent of the population- are currently in need of humanitarian assistance, including 3 million children.
Although armed violence has declined in some parts of the country, armed groups and small scale military operations continue to carry out unpredictable attacks throughout the country, resulting in new displacements. As of 2019, almost 2 million people remain displaced inside Iraq -over half of whom have been displaced for more than three years- and 250,000 are hosted in neighboring countries. Of the total number of internally displaced, 71 percent have taken refuge in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
There are also 300,000 refugees in Iraq from neighboring countries — the vast majority escaping violence and persecution in Syria.
As the humanitarian crisis enters its fifth year, millions of families living in protracted displacement situations are reaching breaking point. They have exhausted their financial resources over the years and continue to face constrained access to basic services and critical protection risks. They are in desperate need of life-saving aid.
Despite significant security risks and challenges accessing people in need, UNHCR is working around the clock to deliver lifesaving aid to Iraqis. Your gift will offer hope for a safe future.
The UN Refugee Agency is on the ground in Iraq and surrounding regions, working to protect and provide emergency relief efforts to refugees and internally-displaced people (IDPs). Together with partners and government authorities, UNHCR undertakes the following activities:
Learn more about What We Do.
Iraq Refugee Crisis Explained
UNHCR gives hope to displaced children in Iraq
Hamid Abdelraza and his family stand outside their Refugee Housing Unit (RHU) in Al Jamea'a camp.