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6.6 million

The crisis has internally displaced 6.6 million people in Ukraine.

6.3 million

6.3 million people from Ukraine have been recorded crossing international borders into neighboring countries including Poland and Moldova.

13 million

Approximately 13 million people are estimated to be stranded in affected areas or unable to leave due to heightened security risks.

About the Crisis in Ukraine

UNHCR is concerned about the crisis situation in Ukraine that escalated on February 24, 2022 following the Russian Federation’s military action in the country. The crisis has displaced 6.6 million people inside the country. Over 6.3 million people from Ukraine have crossed into neighboring countries in the region including Poland, Hungary, Moldova and others. 

As the crisis continues to develop, humanitarian needs are multiplying and spreading by the hour. Of the 18 million people in Ukraine who will be impacted by the ongoing war, 12 million are expected to need humanitarian assistance. Prior to this recent crisis, nearly 3 million people were already in need of humanitarian aid across Ukraine, including over 850,000 internally displaced people.

Particularly vulnerable groups include older people and people with disabilities who may be unable to flee from high-risk areas. Women and children, who make up 90% of people fleeing the crisis, are at risk of gender-based violence and sexual exploitation and abuse. UNHCR is on the ground ensuring basic and urgent needs are met and scaling up protection services, such as psychosocial support, counseling and identification of particularly vulnerable groups like unaccompanied minors.

“In addition to the grave situation inside Ukraine,” the UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi said at a briefing for the United Nations Security Council on Ukraine, “hundreds of thousands are seeking refuge in neighboring countries. They need safety and protection, first and foremost, but also shelter, food, hygiene and other support; and they need it urgently.”


"The situation is absolutely heartbreaking," - UNHCR in Moldova, at the border with Ukraine.

What is UNHCR doing to help in Ukraine?

UNHCR has been working in Ukraine since 1994, alongside local authorities, partners and community organizations to deliver protection and humanitarian assistance to people in need and remains on the ground to help now. UNHCR has stockpiles of aid, cash and other means to help people forced to flee and provided that humanitarian access and safety is granted, UNHCR staff are ready to deliver. 

As the crisis develops, UNHCR and its partners are on the ground providing crucial humanitarian assistance and protection. In Ukraine, UNHCR is distributing emergency supply kits with items like thermal blankets and water cans. UNHCR is also helping to set up transit centers to assess the needs of newly displaced people and provide temporary shelter. The most vulnerable families are receiving cash assistance to address urgent needs.

While the full impact of the crisis is not yet clear, the number of people fleeing is rising and there is large-scale displacement in and out of the country. UNHCR has reinforced its operations in Ukraine and in neighboring countries, sending more resources, staff and stockpiles. UNHCR is working with national authorities to identify and support people forced to flee within Ukraine and scaling up response in neighboring countries currently receiving refugees.

Stories from the Ukraine crisis

How cash assistance is helping refugees from Ukraine

5 Things You Should Know About The Ukraine Crisis

See all stories about the Ukraine refugee crisis >

More Facts About the Ukraine Crisis

Poles offer a warm welcome to Ukrainians forced to flee across the border.

  • Poland is the main refugee-receiving country of people fleeing Ukraine with over 60 percent of all refugee arrivals.
  • 30 percent of Ukrainians in need are elderly—making Ukraine one of the “oldest” humanitarian crises in the world.
  • Ukraine is one of the most mine-contaminated countries in the world. It ranks fifth in the world for civilian casualties from landmines and explosive remnants of war, and in top three for anti-vehicle landmine accidents.


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